The Digital Era created a new challenge in journalism. This theoretical study presents a way to recognize the difference between the use of freedom of speech and freedom of the press in the context of social responsibility of media and how to deal with the so-called ‘conspiracy media.’
By Jozef Tinka
The basic principles of freedom in general, and freedom of speech in particular, were born in the prehistory of democracy, which began in the 18th century by the struggle for the independence of the United States and, in Europe, by the French Revolution. By achieving independence, the process of forming a new political system was based on the principle of constitutional establishment in the US. The constitution ceased to be understood as an agreement between the governing class and controlled class, but it started to be perceived as a mutual agreement between each other. Similarly, in France, where the Revolution meant the transition from absolutism to citizenship and the establishment of the people as the main political power, the newly constituted National Assembly issued the Declaration of Human and Citizen Rights. Article VI, defines the concept of freedom that “is based on the right of everyone can do anything what does not harm others. The application of the natural rights of every person has only such limitations that guarantee equality of rights to others. Restrictions may only be made by law." Article XI., directly introduces freedom of speech: "Free exchange of ideas and opinions is one of the most valuable human rights. Therefore, every citizen can speak, write and print freely, except the abuse of this freedom in cases established by law."